The Taj was constructed by Shah Jahan being a memorial for his third partner, Mumtaz Mahal, who died pregnancy to their 14th child in 1631. Mumtaz's demise left the emperor heartbroken that his hair is thought to have turned grey almost overnight. Building of the Taj started the next year and, the complete complex wasn't completed until 1653, although the main building is thought to happen to be integrated nine years. Soon after it was completed his son Aurangzeb overthrew Shah Jahan and caught in Agra Fort where, for the remainder of his days, he can just peer out via a screen at his development. Altogether, some 20,000 folks from Central and India Asia labored on the building.
Today, the Taj was designated a World Heritage Site in 1983 and looks as untouched as when it was constructed – though it experienced a massive restoration project in the early 20th century.
Entry & Information
Note: the Taj is closed every Friday to everyone not attending prayers at the mosque.
The Taj may be accessed through east gates, south and the west. Visit groups often enter through the west and east gates. Independent travellers typically has smaller lines than the west gate, and tend to utilize the south gate, which can be nearest to Taj Ganj, the primary place for budget hotel. The east entrance gets the shortest queues of the lot, but this is because the ticket office is inconveniently situated a 1km leave at Shilpgram, a terrible government-run tourist centre. There are separate lists for women and men at all three gates.
Videos and cameras are authorized however you can't take images inside the mausoleum itself, and the locations in which you are able to get movies can be limited.
If you keep your solution you will get small entry-payment savings when visiting Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, Akbar's Grave or even the Itimad -ud-Daulah on the same time. You can also store your luggage at no cost near the admission offices and pick up an audio manual (₹118).
From your south door, access to the internal compound is through a spectacular, 30m, red-sandstone entrance on the south-side of the forecourt, which will be written with sentiments in the Quran.
In the Grounds
Once inside, the pretty gardens are put down along conventional Mughal charbagh (formal Persian garden) outlines – a square quartered by watercourses, with the attractive marble plinth at its heart. The Taj is shown in the water, if the features are not moving.
The Taj Mahal stands on the raised marble platform at the northern end of the attractive gardens, using its back for the Yamuna River. Simply cosmetic 40m-high white minarets grace each part of the system. After over three decades they are not exactly perpendicular, but they might have been made to lean slightly outwards to ensure that in the event of an earthquake they would fall far from the valuable Taj. The red-sandstone mosque towards the northwest is an important gathering place for Agra's Muslims. The identical building for the east, the jawab, was created for symmetry.
The central Taj framework created with flowers consists of semitranslucent white marble and inlaid with 1000s of semiprecious stones in beautiful designs. A great workout in balance, the four identical faces of the Taj function impressive vaulted arches decorated with pietra dura scrollwork and quotes from your Quran in a method of calligraphy using decorated jasper. Four small domes surrounding the famous bulbous central dome top off the whole design.
Well cut marble screens admit to the main step lighting. Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan's real tombs come in a locked basement room below the key chamber and can not be viewed.